C) FROM THE CULTURAL ASPECTS

-         MUSIC

Today, many hippies manage important companies. For example, Richard Branson is the head of Virgin Company. Richard Branson was born in 1950, so he was a teenager when the hippie movement was at their apogee. He is above all know for his enterprise Virgin Megastor. It's a company who sell CD for a small price. Hippie wanted people to access free to music. So Richard Branson, who was a hippie, perpetuates the hippie tradition because he tries to generalize the acess to music. More over, Virgin comprises many activities as airline companies and distribution channels. Hippies wanted to create a free space, so the creation of numerous channel since the 60's is the fulfilment of the hippie wish. It is the same thing for the airlines companies, which have developed themselves a lots this last decades. So, Richard Branson perpetuates the hippies ideas because what he do is near that the hippies wanted.

From August 15 to August 18 in 1969 took place the festival of Woodstock in the state of New York. This event was a music festival. Thirty-two of the best-known rock musicians of the day appeared there, like Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, the Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead, the Who, Santana, Joan Baez, etc. Numerous of theses bands are still heard today especially by new generation. Indeed, we noticed that 20% of pupils from USA old 14 between 19 had heard regularly one of these during his adolescence. Woodstock was one the first events who collected so many people at the time. It never had been a assembling like Woodstock before. Today, it still exists numerous festivals as Woodstock in USA, like the Musikfest or the Wakarusa Music and Camping Festival. Theses manifestations are a heritage from the way of thinking of hippies.

At the end of the hippie movement, many people belonged to new faiths: Zen, Hinduism and Buddhism because the spiritual was very important for them. Now, hippie majority adhered to the wave of New Age. This movement isn’t a religion, it’s a spiritual concept while wanting to establish a world government of justice and peace. This movement has so preserved numerous values of the hippie movement. There are many resemblances between theses two movement. New Age becomes more and more important in the USA and other countries of the world because in 90s it touched more than 10 percent of the Americans. Therefore, we can consider New Age as the continuance of hippie movement.

The hippie movement wanted a democratization of the music. In particular, it was permitted thanks to the Beatles. This band was formed in Liverpool in 1960. It was composed of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison. This band knew a very big success all around the world during this time until its dissolution in 1970. This band symbolized the hippie movement especially with the album “Sgt. Pepper' s Lonely Hearts Club Band” went out on June 1st, 1967 in Europe and one day later to the United States. By its mind-expanding influence, its Indian instruments, his case in lively colours, the album synthesized the essence of Summer of Love. The Beatles was very popular. In 1964, they sell 1 billions albums per months. They roughly their popularity when John Lennon said “We’re more popular than Jesus”. After the separation of the band, numerous new musical style were created: punk or metal for example. Today, information opened by new skylines for new artists. It‘s the case of MGMT, an American musical group based in Brooklyn, New York consisting of Ben Goldwasser and Andrew VanWyngarden. This band is the revelation of the year 2008 and it considered like a legacy of hippie because the band says that it is a hippie band itself. The two musician have the same values that the hippie and they play psyche, folk and rock songs. They’ve got long hair and hair band and hippie clothes.

The hippie movement was symbolized by the creation of protester songs. There was not previously. Music a means of expression for the hippies.

 

-         BOOKS, MOVIES, SHOWS

Into the Wild is a movie that was adapted from the eponymous best-seller book. Into this movie, the hero Chris McCandless gave everything up to go alone in Alaska even if it means risking its life there. He follows a movement of refusal of the civilization. Like in the song of Lou Reed, a hippie rock musician, McCandless want to « Take a walk on the wild side » . McCandless has so comportment like the hippie mentalities. Even if a real person inspired Sean Penn, it can be interpreted like the self-portrait of Sean Penn who is an activist and marginally artist. The film of Penn had known a real success at the start of the year of 2008.

Hair is a musical show who was created in 1967 and interpreted at the beginning of 1969. This comedy talks about a man, Claude, who leaves his ranch to join the army. In New-York he met a hippie community in the context of the Viet Nam war. Lyrics and songs are based on the theory of the New Age. It’s a product of the hippie counter-culture and sexual revolution of the 1960s, several of its songs became anthems of the anti-Vietnam War peace movement. Afterwards, in 1979, this rock musical was adapted at the movie theatre. Today this spectacle is still played. This year, it celebrates its 40 years.

 

-         ART

The hippies had a very particular clothes and appearance. Generally, their hairs were long and they wore loose fitting. They appearance was very important for them and today it generally still have this importance. The hippie clothes have become trendy, indeed we can see famous people, like Mary-Kate Olsen wearing clothes that people and website called smart hippies clothes. There also numerous magazine and website that talks about these smart hippies’ clothes.

-         DRUGS

LSD was discovering in 1943 in Switzerland and was forbidden in October 1966 in USA. Drugs had a very big importance in the hippie movement. The psychedelic aesthetics can be likened to the visions provoked by the LSD. It provokes as a matter of fact, a deformation of your vision and entrain you in a dreamy state where reality and dream are confused. It is possible to connect numerous artistic currents with the consumption of psychotropics, as well the music as the drawing and the fashion. Besides the LSD, the cannabis is also a drug which was massively consumed by hippies. For hippies, the purpose of this consumption of psychotropic is a will of opening of spirit and abolition of the mental borders. Hippie permitted to exchange easily some drugs and wanted to democratize its use. Hippies wanted to reach a certain lucidity to develop ideas and arts as music or painting, to dream with drugs. Today the consummation of LSD or cannabis still exists. Thanks to the hippie it’s enough easy to have drugs even if the users haven’t the same mentality on drugs.

 

CULTURAL

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