APPENDIX

This is biographies of several hippies who lived the hippie movement. We show that to see the evolution of these people after the movement.

-         BOB DYLAN

Bob Dylan is an American musician, born in May 1941, in Minnesota. In 1959, he entered in the University of Minnesota. Three years later, he realised his first album. He sound envolved, rock, folk, country, blues make the diversity of his songs. He wasn't really a hippie, but him and the movement influenced themselves muttually. Indeed his songs are very engaged, in August 1963, he grapple with Joan Baez against the discrimination of black people, by demonstrating in the street with 200000 other pacifists. So, Bob Dylan was in same way of thinking as the hippies in the 60's.

One of these song is called “Blowing in the wind”, wrote in 1962, from the album “the Freewhelin' Bob Dylan”, and is particulary engaged:

How many roads must a man walk down
Before you call him a man?
Yes, 'n' how many seas must a white dove sail
Before she sleeps in the sand?
Yes, 'n' how many times must the cannon balls fly
Before they're forever banned?


The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

How many times must a man look up

Before he can see the sky?
Yes, 'n' how many ears must one man have
Before he can hear people cry?
Yes, 'n' how many deaths will it take till he knows
That too many people have died?

The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

How many years can a mountain exist
Before it's washed to the sea?
Yes, 'n' how many years can some people exist
Before they're allowed to be free?
Yes, 'n' how many times can a man turn his head,
Pretending he just doesn't see?

The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind,
The answer is blowin' in the wind.

So, Bob Dylan is with the hippies one of the precursor of the protester song. They were against the war and the social disparity. Today, he is still famous. His last album “Modern Times” has been published in August 2006 and knows a big success.

 

-         BEN COHEN AND JERRY GREENFIELD

Jerry Greenfield was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1951, four days before his partner Ben Cohen. Greenfield met Cohen when he was a teenager in junior high school in 1963. They had a common point: they like to eat. In 1978, after having had their certificate, they created the factory “Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream”. In 1981, it was sacred better ice of the world by The Times. Ben & Jerry’s is not a production like others. Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield consider themselves as hippies. They lived the hippie movement. Therefore, they have many hippie values for their production. Indeed, they respect the environment because they use a sustainable agriculture with natural ingredients. They promote fair trade and peace. They try to fight against warm climate. Cohen and Greenfield said: “In 1992, we signed on to the CERES Principles, affirming our belief that business has a responsibility to the environment and should uphold a set of inspirational principles. Whether it's in sourcing ingredients, supporting non-profit organizations, or using our ice cream to help better the environment, we think it's important to lead with our values.” Their values are a heritage from the hippie movement.

 

 

APPENDIX

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